November 16, 2013

Shady dealings - Shape drawings

We create the world we see in terms of light and dark.

Today in my Drawing class, we are working on light and shadow using the shapes as reference.  As always, proper proportions are necessary as is the perspective from which you are viewing the objects you are drawing. So we begin by moving our desks closer to the lit objects in the centre of the room and prepping our drawing area for the task at hand.

Above is an example of the way light falls on objects and how we respond as artist with tone and shadow. The numbers represent the value range. We must keep in mind our value scale/ tone if the drawings are to describe the shape in space realistically.

For our purposes the optimal source of light is a single source of light where everything is illuminated by the same incident light. In our case we brought in a light source and turned out the rest of the lights in order to emulate the sun. This helps to eliminate the confusion that multiple light sources creates.
Begin by first drawing the shapes in their proper place and proportion. Determine the light and the dark tones then begin shading. The CORE shadow, which is the one on the object where the light is no longer hitting it, will be your darkest part ono the object. If the object has flat planes on the shape like a cube or pyramid, the shadows will be mainly toned equally throughout. Whereas when the shape is curved like a cone or cylinder or sphere the core shadow will be feathered as the light drops off as the surface curves.

Here is a drawn sphere with the terminology outlined in this class. It is important to keep in mind the difference between smooth and curvilinear and shapes as opposed to hard angles and surfaces which are much easier to shade.
You will notice that the cast shadows are not as crisp as they move away from the object. This is a lensing effect that must be properly drawn to make your artwork look realistic.  You can really see this emphasized in the above photo at the tip of the cone shadow at the bottom of the photo. Notice the shadow blurs out. The next thing to be mindful of is the reflected light that bounces back onto the surface. You can see here on this sphere how the left side is lighter in tone as it blends toward the core shadow. You want to have the transition be smooth when describing a smooth surface.

For reflected light to bounce back up onto a surface must be at an acute angle to that surface. IN this case the cone like pyramid shape (to the left) does not have reflected light hitting the flat area where the core shadow resides. The icosahedron object (to the right) has reflected light bouncing back up on its surface creating a lighter tone even though it is further away from the source of light and below the core shadow. If the shape like a cone or pyramid is sloping back away from the surface it is sitting on, there is no way fro the light to bounce up on it in order to create a reflected light in the shadow.
The surface must be more than perpendicular or overhanging the surface in which the reflected light is bouncing onto the object from.
Cash shadows cannot follow thru a core shadow. Instead they combine but do not increase in density.
When one objects cast shadow drapes across the core shadow of another object there should not be any criss cross lines and confusion. The pyramid to the far right cases a shadow over the cone object and where fit meets the core shadow they seamlessly blend together.

One good trick for seeing the values of the tons that I like to pass onto students is squinting. If you squint you will have a much easier time judging the many values int eh scene in which you are drawing. This also helps turn colours into values and to simplify the shapes that make up what you see.


german princess said...

Dude-- your bacon exhibit was on TV.

BUNNY said...

You know it! Thanks for sharing the link "German Princess". I had to work while they were filming otherwise I could have been on the 'boob tube' myself. Besides, I've already spent my 15 min of fame. lol. = :D

Anonymous said...

It's hard to live in Calgary sometimes, especially when your family is 300 miles away. A couple of nights ago, I was violently attacked near the ACAD C-train station just before 6:00pm. There was no weapon involved, and I wasn't robbed or raped. It happened really fast, and I blocked out most of it. The guy who assaulted me was a Caucasian male in his 20s, and he was wearing a white hoodie. I skipped classes for the past 2 days. I've been listening to chick music and hanging out with my female friends. You're the only guy I've "talked to" since the attack. I'm not asking you to do anything. Just knowing that you're reading this and that you care is helping. This morning I found an old email from you that I saved from a long time ago, and it cheered me up. You're like a soft shoulder in a hard world. You have a smile that heals a thousand hurts. Thanks Brian.

BUNNY said...

I hope everything is okay "Anonymous". If I sent you an email and you have that account, send me an email directly rather than posting anonymously on my blog. I hope you are recovering from your recent trauma. God bless.

Francesca said...

Brian isn't a bunny. He's more like a bee. He is always so insanely busy. I have this weird connection with a pop/punk bassist. It's scary how much he is like me. We both write, play bass & have similar cultural backgrounds. Every time he blogs something, it's like a mirror reflection of what's going on in my life. I learned to draw portraits by doing dozens of sketches of his face using a prototype that was made for me by Silas Kaufman. Sometimes what you need is a good muse or professional source material. I also finished a painting of Aaron Sidorenko. I might do one of you, Jamie & Carl White. Painting is just like drawing. It makes a huge difference when you actually care about your subject.